Chess Vocabulary in Russian. О шахматах по-русски.

Russian Chess Vocabulary

ша̀хматы – chess

фигу̀ра (ша̀хматная) – chessman / piece

королѐва, ферзь – queen

коро̀ль – king

слон – bishop

конь –  knight

пѐшка – pawn

ладья̀ – rook / castle

ша̀хматная доска̀ – chessboard

сдѐлать ход – to move

ходѝть/пойтѝ – to move

игра̀ть бѐлыми / чёрными – to play white / black

пожѐртвовать фигу̀ру – to sacrifice a piece

имѐть на одн̀у фигу̀ру мѐньше – to be a piece down

вы̀играть фигу̀ру – to win a piece


шах – check

шах королю̀ – check to the king

дѐлать (сдѐлать) мат – to mate

мат – mate

ста̀вить (поста̀вить) мат – to mate

шах и мат – checkmate

рокиро̀вка – castling


па̀ртия в ша̀хматы/ша̀хматная па̀ртия – game of chess

ша̀хматный турнѝр – chess tournament

гроссмѐйстер – grandmaster

откла̀дывать/отложѝть партию – to adjourn the game

сдава̀ть/сдать па̀ртию – to resign

возобновля̀ть/возобновѝть игру̀ – to resume the game

4 Responses

  1. John Bobbitt

    I’ve been longing for this page for quite a while. I bought several chess books written in Russian back in 1989. I’ve looked but never found a page like this to help me, at least, to follow the games. Thank you very much.

  2. tara

    Thank you for the useful list.
    I wonder what a “pinned” piece is called in Russian?

  3. Russian Sensei

    Thank you, Tara. “Pin” means связка in Russian. Pinning piece is связывающая фигура (attacking piece), pinned piece – связанная фигура (protective piece). I hope that makes sense since I’m not a good chess player.

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